Llamas and ruins at 2,400m
Yesterday, we went to Machu Picchu, the lost city of the Incas. The Incas were a civilisation of people who took over more land. But the Incas didn't usually use violence, instead, they got other civilisations or empire to join them by offering them their great skills in building, irrigation and agriculture. They built Machu Picchu as a city for royalty, a vacation resort of sorts. They had one-half of it which was the agricultural half, where they would grow all their food. Fun fact, in Machu Picchu the Incas could make enough food for four times the city's population. The other half was where the inhabitants would live, they had houses, temples etc...
The reason Machu Picchu survived all those years (almost 600) was because they could cut huge rocks into exact shapes, then press them so tightly together you wouldn't be able to fit a piece of paper in between them, so that when there was an earthquake the rocks would dance around but not crumble to the ground.
When the Incas lived in Machu Picchu there was only one way to get up, the Inca trail, of course, it wasn't called that when they were alive but the Inca trail is a long pathway from Cusco to Aguas Calientes, a small town created 75 years ago as a place to stop for the tourists on their way to Machu Picchu (though it wasn't a town when the Incas were there). Then, from Aguas Calientes they walked up the pathway of stone steps on the mountain to the great city. Of course, we took an easier approach by taking the train to Aguas Calientes (now called Machu Picchu Pueblo), then took the bus up to Machu Picchu.
If you go to Machu Picchu today you won't see what the explorer Hiram Bingham saw when he first discovered it or what it looked like when the Incas were there because the government of Peru is trying to rebuild it, to give the tourists a better idea of what it actually looked like. However, even with the technology these days no one has been able to recreate the building technique of the Incas. The greatest mystery of all is how the Incas built Machu Picchu without using metal tools, animals or even the wheel.
Machu Picchu has an excellent view. Also, I love the fact that there are llamas roaming free around the city, I even got to pet a few.
Just to see what it was like, we walked all the way down the mountain back to Machu Picchu Pueblo. The next day I could barely walk since my muscles were so sore.